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The New Reggae Music

22 November 2010 22 November 2010 Tags: One Comment Print This Post Print This Post

Ever since the death of Bob Marley, reggae music has found itself in a downward spiral musically and lyrically as it transformed itself into dancehall. Where once there was melody and harmony, there is now aggressive, rhythmic monotony. Where once there were odes to pan-African unity and universal love, there are now sexually vulgar lyrics and incitement to murder, specifically, to murder gays.

The quality of the music had degraded to such a degree, that in the beginning, it only appealed to the déclassé lower orders of Jamaican society. Over time, it became more popular across class lines. Worse, it became popular in other Caribbean countries and further abroad.

Things have started to turn around. It began with boycotts and protests of the “artists” who attempted to tour in North America and Europe. Human rights groups such as Outrage, J-Flag and the Black Gay Men’s Advisory Group, deciding that there was enough variety of home grown hatred to deal with, tackled these foreigners who wanted to bring their own brand of hate to Europe and North America.

Religious groups in Jamaica also protested that the lyrics corrupted the youth and contributed to the moral decay of the society. From country to country and city to city they were followed and harried with effective protests. Venues started to respond by canceling shows and even went further in not booking the offenders.

The American market accounts for 1/3 to 1/2 of the musicians depend on. The musicians began to respond by modifying their message precisely because they were beginning to feel the economic pinch to their wallets. This led to some musicians signing a document called “The Reggae Compassionate Act” in 2007 that is now discredited as ineffective. Savvy activists knew that the new “make nice” language was insincere double speak and kept the pressure on.

Concert promoters meanwhile, shifted their focus to markets in Asia and the Caribbean. The activists followed them there, setting up satellite branches in those markets.

Soon, reggae festivals began to be cancelled. In the Caribbean, Red Stripe beer, a popular Jamaican brand, decided not to sponsor some of the festivals and concerts. Tourism [for the Caribbean economy does not depend on locally manufactured cars or microchips] began to take such a hit that governments began to get involved.

“Men who preach the loudest against homosexuality usually do so to mask their own homosexual feelings and dealings, or, the trauma of childhood sexual abuse. Fear and insecurity are at the base of all their reaction on the topic”
Anonymous Quote.

The governments of Barbados, Grenada, St Lucia and Guyana took the initiative of denying musicians visas AND banned their music from the air. The Barbados education minister went so far as to say that there was a link between the increasingly aggressive behaviour of Barbadian youth and dancehall music, a truism that can be seen in other countries.

So, in Europe, North America, Asia and now in the Caribbean, the pressure was on. Markets were drying up and the haters were losing money. Their music was not being played on radio. As a responsible radio host, I myself have been participating in the boycott. Most recently, I shredded a new CD by Buju Banton which was sent to me by a radio promotion company. I packed the chips in an envelope and posted them to his record company with a forceful letter of condemnation and rejection.

The final frontier was the epicentre of manufacture of the nasty products, Jamaica. In February of 2009, the Jamaica Broadcasting Commission banned vulgar and violent songs including versions of the offending recordings that employed editing techniques of bleeping or beeping of its original content.

Police enforcement of the Noise Abatement Act, and rigourous monitoring of live performance were implemented. Laws were passed holding promoters criminally liable for violence stemming from any concert that they produced.

And now, 19 months after such stringent measures, guess what? Well, well, well! What have we here?! The use of vulgar and aggressive language in Jamaican music has virtually disappeared! The Jamaican air waves are clinically clean. So, protests and boycotts worked very well in this case. Over and over it seems that when people and governments from poor countries are given the choice of facing international boycotts, isolation or sanctions for their inhumane policies or face starvation and hang on to their misguided “moral ideals”, they wisely choose the former.

But shrewd social analysts have attributed another incident to spurring the Jamaican government to resolute action. And this was the botched attempt at arresting the drugs criminal, Christopher “Dudus” Coke. The diplomatic fallout from this travesty included revoking of visas of artists and a travel ban for high-profile Jamaicans, including government ministers. That got their attention if the detrimental affect of the music on the society didn’t. It’s a big turnaround for the government who had themselves been culpable in the employment of anti-gay songs to taunt rivals during political campaigns.

Activist groups have vowed to monitor the situation. It seems that some in Jamaican society have discovered that the target of the hate are not the only ones affected by hateful lyrics. The haters and the consumers are dehumanised as well and end up dirtier than the people they are trying to cleanse or eradicate. It’s a lesson on par with the moral lessons of Greek tragedies.

Let no one be fooled though. The feculent ideology of these hater musicians have not been changed.  They are only obeying the law so that they can put food in their stomachs. If I were a concert promoter or booker, I STILL would not want to have these people around me or other decent people knowing how they felt the same way, the new laws notwithstanding. But now, hopefully, Jamaican musicians could try to regain the mantle of the Bob Marley legacy which they had forfeited to African reggae artists. Time will show.

Written and presented by Akenataa Hammagaadji.
Akenaata Hammagaadji is an African music expert and cultural critic. He is the radio host of First World Music; an African music programme broadcast from WVKR. His insightful music reviews, which goes beyond music into cultural dissections, can be found in his weekly First World Music Newsletter, now a blog on afrobeatradio.net.

One Comment »

  • PLan z said:

    Pogus Caesar's new book MUZIK KINDA SWEET = it features rare archive photographs of legendary Reggae artists including: Burning Spear, Mighty Diamonds, Augustus Pablo, Jimmy Cliff, Junior Delgado, Prince Alla, Dennis Brown and a host of others – a must for all lovers of Reggae. 

    Article from The independent http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/a… muzika-kinda-sweet-2080071.ht

    muzik kinda sweet on photobucket

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