IFRC set to Launch Annual World Disaster Report in Nairobi.
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent is set to launch its annual report on Tuesday 21st 2010 for the first time in Africa here in the Kenyan capital Nairobi.
The report dubbed “World Disaster Report 2010” will officially be launched at the Kenyatta International Conference Centre with the main theme of the report being “Focus on Urban risks”.
This is the first time since its inception that the function is staged in the African continent with participants from as far as the UN HABITAT, Kenya Red cross and crescent, the International federation of Red Cross and Crescent, Residence Alliance association as well as the presence of Kenya’s Nairobi metropolitan Development Minister Hon. Robinson Njeru Githae.
The main challenge that lies within Africa is the growth or rise in population of the urban slum dwellers. The International community has put the number at 2.57 billion people urban slum dwellers, and they are mostly exposed to poor health services, poor local governance, and gang related violence.
The key messages in the report according to a communiqué was issued to Afrobeatradio’s East African Correspondent Abdulaziz Billow by the IFRC are as follows:
- Good urban governance is key to ensuring people are empowered, involved and consulted in the development of their urban environment and not marginalized and left exposed to disasters, climate change, violence and ill health.
- Good urban governance ensures that basic protective infrastructures and social services are also provided to people living in informal settlements to minimize the risks to people’s health and livelihoods, with particular attention to vulnerable groups.
- Good urban governance is key to disaster risk reduction in response to the usual cycle of natural disasters and those which climate change will trigger.
- The international community , NGO’s and governments need to address the urban risks divide which exists between cities which bare well governed and well resourced compared to those which struggle with lack of resources, knowledge and will to ensure a well functioning urban environment.
- Urban risk is produced over time through economic developments, population growth and decisions taken at different times by the authorities and citizens.
- The housing, land and property rights of people who live in slums need to be respected an protected particularly in post disaster situations.
- Well governed cities can play a crucial role in disaster preparedness and risk reduction in the face of climate change.
The report is published annually since 1993; the World Disasters Report brings together the latest trends, facts and analysis of contemporary. This year report warns that 2.57billion urban dwellers in low and middle income nations are exposed to unacceptable levels of risk, fuelled by rapid urbanisation, poor local governance, population growth, poor health services and the rising tide of urban violence.
More information will be after the official launch of the Annual Report on Tuesday 21st September 2010.